The University of Vienna is the leading Institute of Higher Education and Research in Austria and one of the leading Universities in Europe. The main task and goal of this university lies in creating and sustaining top-quality research and teaching, which are regarded as one inseparable entity ("research- guided teaching"). A strong focus on research, combining fundamental with application-oriented research, renders this University highly attractive for the sharpest minds. Hosting a large number of ITN’s, ESR-Award Winners, Special Research Networks and Structured Graduate Schools, and featuring an extraordinarily research-oriented, international training character, the University of Vienna is a prime Institution for conducting cutting-edge fundamental research with links to society-relevant applications. The Faculty of Phyiscs of the University of Vienna has a rich tradition of leadership, having been the home of such scientists as Ludwig Boltzmann, Erwin Schrödinger, Lise Meitner, Christian Doppler and Ernst Mach, and today it follows on the tradition of excellence set by its founding fathers.